A Speech and Language Therapist (SALT) is qualified to work with children, younger individuals and adults who’ve some type of communication disorder. It is often thought that a Speech and Language Therapist is simply able to assist with precise speech production issues, however the truth is the range of companies is far wider.
What does a Speech and Language Therapist do?
A therapist working with children and young people will initially assess each comprehension (understanding of language) and expressive language (how language is used).
The Therapist will have a look at varied areas where difficulties would possibly occur including:
* Vocabulary – types of words reminiscent of nouns (naming words), verbs (actions) and prepositions (in, on, under etc.)
* Understanding language structures similar to following directions – eg. “brush dolly’s hair”, “give me the yellow pencil”
Spoken language could also be assessed for the following:
* Speech sounds – typically termed phonology. The child or younger person could not have certain speech sounds in their vocabulary, or may use them inappropriately eg. “dog” turns into “dod” (termed fronting) or “glove” turns into “glub” (termed stopping)
* Articulation difficulties – the production of speech sounds may be difficult, possibly due to a physical downside similar to cleft lip/palate or poor dentition or perhaps a co-orindation drawback – Dyspraxia
* Fluency – is there any evidence of dysfluency (stammering) or normal hesitancy in speech
What can be carried out if the child/young particular person has little or no speech?
Language shouldn’t be solely the spoken word however can embody speaking by numerous different methods. A few of the more frequent ways are:
* Image programs – a simple line drawing is used to symbolize an object or idea eg. Makaton, Rebus, Mayer Johnson
* Footage/picture programs – actual pictures or photos are used to point objects, actions etc.
* Signing methods – include British Sign Language (BSL) and Makaton. These systems use manual signs to convey that means
* Eye pointing – through the use of a special board with symbols or footage, it’s possible for a mother or father or carer to interpret what the child/younger person desires to speak by following their eye gaze until it stops on the item they want. This might be useful for children or younger people who have physical difficulties and no speech.
* Communication aids – these can range from simple image boards to complicated computers with voice synthesizers
What different facets of communication are assessed?
Other areas which Speech and Language Therapists would possibly take a look at and Queens Orton Gillingham tutors NY which underpin communication are:
Listening and attention skills/focus – can the child or young individual attend to a job? Not to be confused with a listening to impairment – the child or younger person could hear what is alleged however cannot concentrate sufficiently to process the knowledge
Play and imagination – can the child play alone, alongsideside others (parallel play) or participate in group play? Is imaginative play current ? eg. placing doll to bed, fake tea parties
Social communication – can the child or young person work together with others? Do they perceive the rules of conversation, equivalent to flip taking, repairing conversations, keeping on matter and acceptable greetings?
Practical use of language – can the child/young person use whatever system of communication is appropriate to them to make selections, touch upon events, query or refuse?
Behaviour – an lack of ability to speak can be very frustrating for the child/younger person and should result in agitated or challenging behaviour patterns.
How does the Speech and Language Therapist perform the assessment?
The Speech and Language Therapist will look at all areas in which the child/young person is experiencing difficulty.
* This could embrace statement or direct working with them in various settings, similar to the house, school or college.
* Liaison with individuals who come into frequent contact with the child/younger individual can be very important. As well as parents, academics, carers, other health professionals etc. could also be consulted.
What occurs after assessment?
After a radical evaluation, therapy options are mentioned which might embrace one or more of the following options:
– Direct therapy – the therapist working with the child/younger person on a 1:1 basis
– Indirect therapy – a programme of labor is carried out by a named individual eg parent, carer, teaching assistant below the steering of a Speech and Language Therapist who monitors progress and evaluations the programme as mandatory
– Adjustments to communicative surroundings eg. making certain an acceptable symbols system is used within the dwelling/classroom etc., advising on efficient communication and training employees easy methods to use various strategies of communication
Is the Speech and Language Therapist certified?
All Speech and Language Therapists could have undertaken a three or four 12 months degree course at university. Some therapists might have completed a put up graduate course after following a previous degree. Candidates require three A levels to enter the course, though mature students may be accepted with equal qualifications.