The most typical query I’m requested by people making a primary enquiry about counselling is ‘What type of counselling do you do?’
What’s normally meant by this is, ‘What kinds of drawback do you provide counselling for?’ Most counsellors and psychotherapists, myself included, do not specialize in one type of drawback, as all issues or difficulties affecting emotions and thinking have similarities, and largely respond to remedy in related ways.
So the reply to the question ‘What kinds of drawback do you supply counselling for?’ can be something like ‘Difficulties with feelings and thinking’, quite than specific single issues like, say, ‘low self esteem’, or ‘worry of failure’. Most counselling and psychotherapy deals with the entire individual, and does not often separate off one thing they’re thinking or feeling or doing.
This is only a common rule, however. There are some therapies which do specialize in particular types of difficulty, often ones which employ a selected answer-primarily based approach. Counselling for addictions is an obvious example, a specialism which often includes a progressive, guided programme. Others is likely to be bereavement or consuming problems. Explicit part of the population, reminiscent of younger people or ladies, may additionally be recognized as teams needing a specialist approach to some extent, however on the entire these use the identical methods as another psychological counselling. The principle distinction is likely to be that the company has been set as much as cope with that exact situation or group, has acquired funding for it, and so focuses it is assets in that area. An individual counsellor or psychothearpist may deal in a particlar area because it has particularly interested them, or they’ve done additional training in it, or probably had explicit expertise of the problem themselves.
What counsellors and psychotherapists imply once they speak of different types of therapy is the difference within the theoretical orientation of the therapist, not in the types of problem in which they specialise. There are a number or appraoches, broadly divisible into the three areas of Humanistic, Psychodynamic and Cognitve-Behavioural. Even a short description of every type of approach and it’s subdivisions is past the scope of this article. I will due to this fact restrict it to the 2 principal approaches which I make use of myself, Particular person Centred (a ‘humanistic’ approach) and Psychodynamic.
Particular person Centred Counselling and Psychotherapy
On the centre of the Particular person Centred approach is the idea that the Counsellor is a ‘visitor’ on the planet of the client’s expertise, with all that this implies concerning respect and trust.
The shopper is considered to be primarily reliable, that she or he knows someplace, one way or the other, what they need, and that they have a need for growth. The counsellor will help bring these into awareness and assist the shopper to utilise them.
Another central concept is ‘situations of value’. Situations are imposed early in life by which a person measures their own worth, how settle forable or unacceptable they are. A simple example might be ‘Don’t ever be offended, or you will be an ugly, shameful person, and you will not be loved.’ The message this carries is likely to be something like ‘If I’m offended it means I am valueless, due to this fact I must not ever be angry.’ The individual will inevitably really feel indignant, probably continuously, and conclude from this that they must due to this fact be priceless, ugly, shameful. One other is likely to be ‘Should you do not do well academically, it means you are silly and you will be a failure in life’. This form of situation will have a tendency to stick with the person indefinitely, and she or he might have been struggling for years to live as much as what might be inconceivable circumstances of worth. If this sort of inner conviction is delivered to light, and it is roots understood fully, it could be that the person can see that it isn’t truly true, it has been put there by others, and my be able to move away from it.